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Essay on unity in diversity and its importance


Often repeated phrase ‘unity in diversity‘ is true more so in case of India which consists of different languages and culture. If you look around the globe all nations have different traditions and ethnicity however almost all of them trade with each other and live in harmony. Geographical features on the planet include deserts, oceans, lands and rocks complementing each other. Talking about India, it is a unique nation with tropical climate on the plains and cold climate in the mountains.

Unity in diversity in modern world:

Countries around the world were never monolithic entities and welcomed migration that played a very important role in their development. For instance, US the lone super power of the world attracts talents from around the world no matter how diverse they are in terms of religion and ethnicity. Some people are of the view that heterogeneous society face lots of hurdles in development however they are more democratic and all the actions are taken after creating a broad consensus.

Private companies are not only operating within a nation but they have become Multinational Corporation. The work force is diverse with offices in many countries nevertheless they collaborate with each other to achieve common objectives.

Advantages of diversity:

Working with diverse people provides more exposure and makes you a better person. It also teaches individuals to respect the opinion of others.

Unity in diversity is responsible for enhancing the quality of the teamwork and completion of the projects within a stipulated time frame.

Due to different social and cultural traditions, the companies are now using the principle think global and act local. It is in fact a victory of the diversity principle as the organizations are getting acclimatized in doing business in different parts of the world.

Unity is instrumental in resolving the social problems because people from different cultural background tend to know and respect each other.

India as mentioned above is a shining example of unity in diversity because it allows people of different religions to live together in a peaceful manner.


Although diversity leads to a more vibrant and tolerant society, it may also give rise to social tensions particularly as the heterogeneous groups are rigid and refuse to accommodate.

The ruling-elite can exploit the difference between majority and minority to manipulate power. It may also give rise to corruption and other types of social problems.

Diversity can lead to slow down in development, if the country is poor. Elephantine decision could lead to poverty in the rural areas. People may lack access to basic amenities such as clean water and electricity.


Although difference of ethnicity and religion may prove detrimental in the short run but tend to make the society more tolerant. As a result, eventually people irrespective of class and creed work together for the development of nation. It is beneficial from a long term perspective and would help the society to prosper not just economically but also socially. A homogeneous society is intolerant and doesn’t respect the constitutional rights of the people.