Pollution is the modern day scourge that has affected the various facets of modern life. In big cities we witness hazy skies creating problems for the inhabitants and causing numerous diseases. More often than not, internet and newspapers are filled with information about the increase in the levels of the carbon monoxide and Sulfur Dioxide in the atmosphere. In fact, now it is well known that pollution is caused due to various reasons. Therefore, in the below-mentioned paragraph, we enumerate the causes as well as the effects.
Causes of pollution:
Mining: Industrial mining of the minerals is considered as one of the primary causes of pollution. For instance, Coal is required to produce electricity; therefore toxic thermal fumes are emitted into the atmosphere from the mines. It increases the percentage of the carbon-dioxide and makes breathing difficult.
Agricultural activities: Agriculture has been one of the primary sources of occupation since time immemorial but due to growing population, the farmers are hard pressed to increase crop production. It is only possible with the help of chemical fertilizers and they in turn cause soil pollution.
Vehicular emission: Modern vehicles tend to emit a lot of pollution in the air due to the burning of the combustion engine. Due to the implementation of the stricter norms, the level of the soot and carbon has decreased the nevertheless number of people buying a car has increased and it has enhanced the cumulative quantity of the pollutants in the atmosphere.
Industrial activities: Growing population and developing economy has resulted in massive industrialization. Big and small companies are opening manufacturing plants to produce goods and accessories. Some of the units release pollutants as the bye product. For instance, dye making factories are known to cause pollution no matter how they follow the norms of the government.
Effects of pollution:
Rise of carbon mono oxide: The rise of the carbon content in the atmosphere is accompanied by the global warning. As a result, the average temperature of the environment increases. Scientists have predicted that the world will face more floods because the glaciers in the mountains may melt. It is bound to cause untold destruction to the people in plains.
Health issues: Look at your vicinity and you would find a lot of people suffering from respiratory trouble. Moreover, people exposed to harmful pollutants are likely to suffer from cancer and other types of life-threatening diseases.
Ozone layer depletion: Ozone layer plays an important role in the protection of the environment as it blocks the entry of the harmful ultraviolet rays. Increased level of radiation can cause skin cancer to the individuals. Carbon reacts with ozone gas resulting in its depletion in the atmosphere. Moreover, appliances that release CFC or chlorofluorocarbons can cause similar issues.
Infertility: Indiscriminate use of fertilizers such as pesticides and insecticides can reduce the fertility of the soil and result in the reduction of the crop production. In short, it would create huge problems in the form of famine and starvation of the general population.