Earth consists of 71% of water however only a small portion of it is fit for drinking. Rapid urbanization and incessant exploitation of resources have led to the deficiency of water for the people. It is mainly used for cooking, cleaning, washing and also for industrial purposes. Since the majority of the human body comprises of water, it is vital for our lives. Apart from the above-mentioned reason, there are other factors that make it important for us:
Benefits to farmers: Conservation of water is vital for farmers as they use it for irrigation purposes. Lack of water leads to droughts which result in a drop in crop production. Lack of food grains drives up the prices in the market and creates public unrest. Therefore, conserving water is essential to boost the agricultural production.
Meeting the requirements of the people: The underground water level in the big urban center is fast depleting and causing problems to the people. It is said that the rate of water loss will lead to water scarcity in the future. Big cities, especially in developing world, are facing a shortage of water with people lining up in queues during the summer season. It is a sorry state of affairs; therefore rainwater harvesting is essential to replenish the underground water table.
Reduce water bills: With the water meters installed in homes and offices, people have to pay for increased usage. By conserving water, one can decrease the water bills and save on expenditure. People are increasingly becoming aware of the importance of water and they are taking steps to reduce its wastage.
Avoiding conflicts: It is said that the third world war will be fought over water. The Asian continent is particularly vulnerable to water shortage; therefore adequate amount has to be conserved for the future generations.
Pollution control: As water level decreases, powerful motors are deployed for extraction. The fuel used in powering the engine creates pollution. With increased water level, pollution would decrease and it will help to make the environment pollution free.
Surroundings: Water is needed to irrigate the gardens and parks. Plants and trees need water. Therefore, conserving water is essential or else the surroundings may become devoid of greenery. Moreover, irrigating vegetable gardens and washing the vehicle also require lots of water. Saving the blue liquid is essential and would not only help to meet the requirements but also result in sustainable development.
Beautiful communities: Communities can benefit from water conservation as they do not have to depend on external help however wastage could lead to lots of problems in the long run. Lack of rainfall leads to the shortage of water and causes problems to the people. Conservation helps to build an emergency reserve that can be used in the future during adverse circumstances.
Also read: Importance of sports
Each building in the city should be equipped with water harvesting systems that can create self-sufficient units. It would lessen the load on the government water supply and ensure that it lasts for a long time. Sustainable development of the planet is only possible if water conservation is carried out on a war footing.