Basic principles of the US constitution
The US constitution is normally based on various principles. One of the principles of the US constitution is its popular sovereignty. This principle states that the power of the US constitution lies in the hands of the sovereign citizens of the US, Kluge D, 2007, pp 12. According to this principle, the power of the US government comes from the citizens who are governed. Popular sovereignty shows that the US government gets its power from the citizens. I like this principle because it ensures that the US government does not misuse its power because the people who empower the government can withdraw the power if it is misused. The principle therefore guarantees good governance in the US.
Another principle of the US constitution is the separation of powers. Legislative, judicial and executive powers in the US function as separate entities. The country has a presidential system of governance where the three sections of the government are separated into distinct branches, Kluge D, 2007, pp 32. I like the US principle of separation of powers because it ensures that no government leader can oppress people through poor leadership. The power of the US constitution is thus distributed among the president, the courts and the congress. This therefore helps in good leadership of the state.
Limited government is another principle of the US constitution. The principle of limited government shows that the US government can only do the things permitted by the people they govern, McClellan J., 2000, pp 67. The US citizens are the source of power for the US constitution. In this case, the authority of the US government comes from the citizens they govern. The principle of limited power of the US constitution ensures that the government follows the law and this guarantees good governance to the US constitution. This principle is essential in governance because it ensures that the citizens are governed as per their wish. I like this principle because it protects the rights of the US citizens.
Another principle of the US constitution is checks and balances. The US government is organized around three distinct branches. Although the three branches are supposed to be separate, they are connected and may dependent on one another. Checks and balances is what connect the three branches of the US government McClellan J., 2000, pp 67. The three branches of the US constitutions are subject to various constitutional restraints from the other branches of the government. In this connection, each of the three branches has powers to check on the operation of the other branches. For example, the president can reject any act of the congress if it is wrong. I like the principle of checks and balances because it empowers each constitutional branch to control the actions of the other branches to ensure good performance, Jordan T. 2009, pp 34.
Judicial review is the other principle of the US constitution. In this principle, the court determines whether the actions of the government are in accordance with the provisions of the Constitution. According to Jordan T. 2009, pp 54, the judicial review principle ensures that the laws of the government are constitutionally acceptable. This is a good principle because it protects the US citizens, as it does not allow the US government to create laws that break the constitutional rights. The principle of judicial review in the US constitution can pronounce illegal of any government action that infringes the constitutional rights of the US citizens and thus it is a good principle that protects the rights of the people.
- essay What are the main principles of the constitution